Monochrome designs such as Redwork have historically been considered one of the simplest forms of hand embroidery digitizing services. Such embroidery was usually carried out with red threads on light, white or cream, natural fabrics (muslin, percale, linen, etc.). Designs embroidered in the 1st color were used everywhere before: to decorate clothes, bed, and table linen, they were used to decorate a room.
And now you can find a lot of monochromatic designs in various online stores. Only beforehand embroidery designs were somewhat primitive and simple. This is because it was with these simple patterns that the process of learning the art of embroidery began. Simple stitches, chain stitch, and French knots were used for embroidery. Pictured below is a sample of a classic 1930s solid color design from Antique French Textile for Designers by June K. Laval.
And now for machine embroidery can be found as simple designs, made not only with a simple stitch, but even the most complex graphic patterns (Single-color design), using not only stitches but also with the addition of other types of stitches. For example, this pattern, embroidered with black thread, won this year's Stitches magazine award:
So, not all monochromatic designs are boring, there is also something to pay close attention to.
The technological process of embroidery of such designs is absolutely nothing complicated since this is ordinary embroidery. Therefore, we just hoop and embroider. These designs, created with simple stitching, sometimes do not even require a stabilizer due to their lightness. But if the design is full of different types of stitches and has large sizes (as in the picture above), then you still have to stabilize the fabric.
I will analyze the digitization of only the simplest and most common type of monochrome designs - made with a simple line.
The programming guidelines are as follows:
- The drawing before digitizing should be simplified as much as possible. Small details should be either removed, or combined with each other, or slightly enlarged. The lines should be smoothed.
- The drawing is digitized with a simple line depending on the size of the elements of 2-3 passes. For very small details, 1-pass stitching can be used.
I have seen a strong recommendation to digitize such designs with bean stitch. Because this type of stitch reduces the likelihood of the formation of loops and the deviation of the passes of the lines from each other when returning back, especially when online embroidery digitizing on fabric with padding polyester.
Personally, it seems to me that the triple stitch looks rough, and the lack of contour in the contour gives the work liveliness and naturalness. Plus, when digitizing with a triple stitch or bean stitch, you have to think over the sewing sequence very carefully, which does not speed up the process of creating a design. Well, here, there is no comrade for taste and color.
- Stitch length 2-2.5mm. For small designs and details at least 1mm.
- Try not to use a dynamic change of stitch length for a snug fit to the path.
- The design should be digitized in one outline without going back along the same path. It is advisable to avoid pruning. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully consider the navigation of the embroidery.
I also note that this embroidery technique is digitized in exactly the same way by all editors, and it does not matter whether a professional editor or an amateur one.
I took a simple vintage picture from the Briggs' Patent collection and programmed it with only one color.
It took me 30 minutes to program the design from this picture. It was made by hand, only with the 1st simple stitch with a constant stitch length of 2.3 mm, without trimming - that is, using the technique “without taking your hands off”. In all lines, only 2 passes of stitches were used. The number of stitches is 1593. The size of the pattern is 74.8x72.2mm.
And so on blue fabric with black threads, in a large frame 120x30cm without the use of non-woven fabric (which is generally not correct from the point of view of manufacturability). That is why he turned out to be so alive without polish and precision.
This is a quick and very economical form of embroidery.
PS The best visual lesson in free access about the principles of how to digitize such designs was posted on YouTube by Brad Martin in the Floriani Club. If you want, then search and find it, it is called - Floriani Club - Making Lineart from a backdrop.
For more details: